Alaska-Canadian Highway (ALCAN)

93d Engineer General Service Regiment

27 March 1942 redesignated from the 93rd Engineer Battalion (Separate) at Camp Livingston, LA; arrived at Seattle P/E 16 April 1942 and departed 20 April 1942; arrived at Carcross, Canada on 7 May 1942 under the Northwest Service Command and engaged in construction on the Alaska Highway where it cleared trail east from Carcross toward the Teslin River; arrived at Fort Randall, AK 3 January 1943 and returned to Seattle P/E on 3 July 1944; Moved immediately to Ft Lewis, WA where they remained until 14 March 1945; departed US 24 March 1945 and arrived at Calcutta, Indian on 10 May 1945; left India on 20 October 1945 and arrived at New York P/E on 16 November 1945; inactivated at Camp Kilmer, NJ on 17 November 1945.

Campaigns: Aleutian Islands

August 45 Location: Kharagpur, India less 1st Battalion at Tergaon and 2nd Battalion at Shamshernanar.

93d Engineer General Service Regiment

95th Engineer General Service Regiment

28 February 1942 redesignated from the 95th Engineer Battalion (Separate) at Fort Belvoir, VA and moved to Fort Bragg, NC on 6 March 1942; arrived at Dawson Creek, British Columbia, Canada 29 May 1942 and constructed the Alaska Highway between Fort St. John and Fort Nelson; transferred to Camp Claiborne, LA 1 May 1943 and stated at Camp Shanks, NY 8 July 1943 until they departed from New York P/E 17 July 1943; Arrived in England 28 July 1943 and landed in France 6 July 1944; crossed into Belgium on 6 October 1944 and entered Germany 10 March 1945; Returned to New York P/E 12 August 1945 and moved to Camp Claiborne, LA; arrived at Fort Lewis, WA 14 April 1946 where it was inactivated on 16 December 1946.

Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe

August 1945 Location: Camp Claiborne, LA

95th Engineer General Service Regiment

97th Engineer General Service Regiment

22 February 1942 redesignated from the 97th Engineer Battalion (Separate) at Elgin Field, FL and arrived at Seattle P/E 20 April 1942; departed 22 April 1942 and arrived at Valdez, AK 29 April 1942 at the southern terminus of the Richardson Highway; built pioneer road and constructed part of the Alaskan-Canadian Highway from Slana in the Tanana River Valley and reached the Tanana River by 25 August 1942; linked up with the 18th Engineer Regiment at Beaver Creek 25 October 1042; returned to Seattle P/E 11 September 1943 and moved to Camp Sutton, NC on 18 September 1943; staged at Camp Stoneman, CA 25 October 1944 until departed San Francisco P/E 10 March 1944; arrived at Milne Bay, New Guinea 24 April 1944 and in April 1946 relocated to the Philippines; there redesignated the 97th Engineer General Service Battalion (Colored) on 30 June 1946.

Campaigns: New Guinea

August 1945 Location: Finschhafen, New Guinea

97th Engineer General Service Regiment

388th Engineer General Service Regiment

10 January 1943 redesignated from the 388th Engineer Battalion (Separate) (Colored) at Waterways, Alberta, Canada under Northwest Service Command; moved to Camp Sutton, NC, on 12 September 1943 under the Fourth Service Command; staged at Camp Myles Standish, MA, on 17-23 March 1944; departed Boston P/E 23 March 1944; arrived in England 3 April 1944; landed in France July 1944; after the end of hostilities in Europe moved to Manila Philippines 30 August 1945 where it inactivated on 18 December 1945.

Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Pacific Theater without inscription.

August 1945 Location: Shipment #R5218-K at sea en route to Manila, Philippines.

388th Engineer General Service Regiment

ALCAN Construction

Alaska-Canada Highway (ALCAN)

The vulnerability of shipping lanes plus the difficulties deploying aircraft to Alaska prompted President Roosevelt to approve the building of the Alaska-Canada Highway in February 1942.

On 9 March 1942, an advanced party arrived at Dawson Creek, British Columbia, Canada, the southern terminus of the Alaska-Canada Highway, to begin constructing a road linking Alaska with the rest of the United States.

Between 6-7 June 1942, the Japanese invaded the Attu and Kiska islands, which stimulated the need for the build-up of U.S. forces and completing the Highway as quickly as possible.

On 24 September 1942, the United States Army engineers, mostly made up of African Americans, working from the south and north, met a Contact Creek, 50 miles east of Watson Lake, completing the segment of the Alaskan Highway between Dawson Creek and Whitehorse. By 30 October 1942, the Alaska-Canada Highway officially opened.

Once the Highway opened, the supply chain to Aleutian Campaign against the Japanese stretched along the Alaska-Canada Highway, then down to Kodiak, then along the Aleutian Chain to Dutch Harbor, Adak, and Amchitka. This supply chain was vital to get supplies and troops to the front to rid Alaska of the Japanese invaders. In May 1943, the U.S. invaded Attu, and in August 1943, the U.S. invaded Kiska, and both islands were retaken. The vital artery of the Alaska-Canada Highway played a crucial part in that success. Additionally, the Alaska-Canada Highway played an essential role in the Soviet victories against the Nazi invasion of their nation because the Highway was a vital supply road for the Lend-Lease Program’s Northwest Staging Route.

In February 1948, travel on the all-gravel Alaska-Canada Highway was opened year-round. Until then, it was restricted to summer and fall months. The lifting of restrictions also allowed tourists to use the Highway.

On 9 January 1949, the first shipment of perishable food for military consumption was made over the Alaskan Highway when two Alaskan Freight Line trucks arrived at Eielson Air Force Base with eggs, celery, lettuce, grapes, and pears. Previously the goods were delivered by ship to the Army port at Whittier and then by rail to the main bases and then by air to the outlying bases. The goods often arrived in poor condition and had to be disposed of or force issued to the dining facilities.